Maqui, the champion antioxidant among all known superfoods
Ingredients: Maqui berry + Spices
Yield: 25 cups
Aristotelia chilensis, the maqui or Chilean wineberry, is a species of the Elaeocarpaceae family native to the Valdivian temperate rainforests of Chile and adjacent regions of southern Argentina. Maqui is sparsely cultivated.
The edible fruit was eaten by the Mapuche Indians. Natives used maqui to prepare chicha which purportedly contributed unusual strength and stamina for warriors. By speculation, the Mapuche Indians used berry leaves, stems, fruit and wine medicinally over generations.
When frozen, this fruit maintains its content of anthocyanin which shows increase in polyphenols. The highest concentration of antioxidant is found in flesh of the fruit and ORAC values of seeds are similar to other regionally inherent superfruits. The leaves and berries also possess medicinal constituents. This tree is inherent to Mapuche Indians who regarded the plant as a symbol of peaceful intention and goodwill. Historically, both fermented and fresh Maqui beverages are drank by warriers regularly to increase stamina and strength. Modern Chileans consume Maqui berry either fresh or dehydrated or in the form of teas, liquors, jams and juices.
Maqui berry contains indole alkaloids, anthocyanins, flavonoids, coumarins, ferulic and caffeic acid. It also possess gentisic, gallic acid, vanillic, hydroxybenzoic, makonine, 8-oxo-9 dehydromakomakine and 8-oxo-9 dehydrohobartine. Phenolic acids, flavonoids and anthocyanins are the compounds which are found in many plant families. The biological activities such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, cytotoxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic and anti-inflammatory properties are showed by research. It also possess anthocyanidins such as 3,5-diglycoside, 3-glycosides, 3-sambubioside 5- and 3-glycosides sambubioside of cyanidin & delphinidin. The important flavonoids such as 3′-dimethyl ether, quercetin 5, malvidin, friedelin, petunidin and ursolic acid could be found in this berries. Indiole alkaloids such as aristone, aristotelinone, aristoletine, aristotelone, aristotelinine, aristoteline, protopine, hobartinol, serratoline, 8-oxo-9-dehydrohobartine, 8-oxo.9-dehydromakomakine, makonin and 9-dehydro-8- oxo-makomakine have been identified.
Health Benefits of Macqui berry
Maqui berries have high content of anthocyanins which are the pigments that provides purple color to plants like delphiniums, violas and other fruits. Anthocyanins provide antioxidant activity. It provides natural anti-inflammatory activity which helps to treat chronic problems such as heart disease, arthritis, cancer and diabetes. Antioxidants assist in prevention of cholesterol from being oxidized in body which lowers the chances of problems such as stroke, heart attack and atherosclerosis. Maqui berries have high content of antioxidants in comparison to acai berries. It supports heart health by balancing the levels of glucose and body weight. Antioxidants help to prevent cholesterol from oxidizing the blood which helps to prevent cardiovascular disease such as hardening of arteries, stroke and heart attack. Adequate presence of phytochemicals prevents damage caused due to toxins, sun exposure and pollution.
Maqui berries contains 12 times more antioxidants in comparison to other berries. It has high content of anthocyanins which is a plant compound that is effective against oxidation which damages body cells from free radicals. Anthocyanin help to lower inflammation, promote joints and is very good for heart health. Antioxidants help to prevent cholesterol oxidation that results in serious cardiovascular problems. Antioxidants slow down the aging process that improves skin health. It prevents development of tumors and cancer diseases.
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