Canarium Indicum is a tall tree with a straight bole that grows wild in lowland tropical rainforest. The galip tree can grow up to 40 meters in height and 1-1.5 meters in diameter. It has large leaves up to 30 centimeters long that form a dense canopy, spreading to 30 meters in diameter. In my village, the timber from galip tree is favoured for building houses.
Canarium Indicum belongs to the family Burseraceae, which has 16 genera. The genus Canarium contains approximately 100 species, of which 75 species are found mainly in tropical Asia and the Pacific, including 21 species in Papua New Guinea.
The kernel in the nut of the galip tree is edible. In Papua New Guinea, galip nuts are found in the New Guinea Islands, the Bismark Archipelago, northern coast of Papua New Guinea from Madang to East Sepik and Milne Bay Province.
It is also indigenous to the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and some parts of the Pacific.
Galip Nut also called Pili Nuts or even Java Nuts, are native to the volcanic soils of Southeast Asia. They are softer-textured than most known nuts, and are one of the most nutritious amongst all nuts.
The seeds contain 70-80 % oil, 13 % protein and 7 % of starch is suitable for consumption raw or fried. Seed oil is used as additives in food. Young shoots are edible and can be used for food preparation, including salads.
They can be eaten as a snack, salted or caramelised, or used in baking instead of almonds.