Pandanus is a large genus of between 600-700 species of tree- or shrub-like flowering plants in the family Pandanaceae. The genus is native to the Old World tropics and western Pacific Ocean islands, with the largest number of species in Madagascar and Malesia (Wagner, Herbst, & Sohmer 1990). They are typically found in lower forested areas, savanahs, and along wetter shoreline regions. They are sometimes called screwpines because their long, flat leaves grow in a spiral pattern.
Pandanus amaryllifolius is a tropical plant in the Pandanus (screwpine) genus, which is commonly known as 'Pandan’, and is used widely in South Asian and Southeast Asian cooking as a flavoring.
The characteristic aroma of pandan is caused by the aroma compound 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline, which may give white bread, jasmine rice and basmati rice (as well as bread flowers Vallaris glabra) their typical smell. The plant is an upright, green plant with fan-shaped sprays of long, narrow, blade-like leaves and woody aerial roots. The plant is sterile, with flowers only growing very rarely, and is propagated by cuttings.
Numerous Uses of Screw Pine
In the past, people used screw pine for making traditional skirts and thatching. Though, people are more interested in the leaves. Many countries in Asia have been using its leaves for medicinal purposes. Thanks to its medicinal properties. The leaves are also used in many cuisines. People take advantage of its color and flavor. Some famous foods that use screw pine leaves are jams, desserts, chutneys, etc. Screw pine also produces edible fruit. It is rich in Vitamin A, beta carotene, and other nutrients.
Pandanus is famous for its anti-viral, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. Mostly, people use it for treating gout. This explains why old people often use it to dealing with gout. They only need to boil some screw pine leaves with coconut oil. It can be used as a massage paste. Some people even use it for treating weak nerves. With all these benefits, screw pine can be considered as one of the best herbal remedies.
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