The common mushroom or Agaricus bisporus comes in 2 colors- white and brown. Immature white mushrooms are called table mushroom, champignon, cultivated mushroom, white mushroom, button mushroom or common mushroom. The immature brown ones are often called Italian mushroom, crimini (or cremini) mushrooms, Italian brown or Italian mushroom, chestnut mushroom, brown cap mushroom, Roman brown mushroom or Swiss brown mushroom. When the fungus matures, it is called Portobello mushrooms, or simply, Portobello.
The common mushroom thrives worldwide. It originated in the European and North American grasslands. It can be found growing naturally in grassy areas and fields. It tends to come out after a rain and is abundant during the late spring through to the autumn season.
Agaricus bisporus is often associated with manure. In fact, it was first cultivated on horse manure. That practice still continues today. This method often produces better quality mushrooms compared to other types of substrate.
Mushrooms are a source of many nutrients necessary for human health. They contain much more protein (3 g per 100 g) than other vegetables. The high percentage of useful to human amino acid and 70-90% of plant protein contained in the mushrooms, easily digestible. Mushrooms — low-calorie food (less than 30 cal per 100 g). There is very little sugar and absolutely no cholesterol. Mushrooms contain virtually no fat (0.2 g per 100g). In addition, mushrooms richer than other vegetables on the content of water-soluble vitamins.
The approximate content of vitamins on 100 g:
- B1 (Thiamin): 0.1 mg
- B2 (Riboflavin): 0.4 mg
- Nicotinic acid: 0.5 mg
- Pantothenic acid: 6.2 mg
- Folic acid: 0.016 mg
- Vitamin B12: 0,26 mg
- Vitamin C: 2 mg
Mushrooms are an excellent source of minerals.
The mineral content per 100 g:
- Phosphorus: 75 mg
- Potassium: 620 mg
- Iron: 1 mg
- Zinc: 0.2 mg
- Sodium: 7 mg
- very low salt content, and the content of dietary fiber of 1 g to 100 g Mushrooms have medicinal properties. The juice extracted from them is an active bactericidal substance. Another remarkable feature of mushrooms is to clean our body and remove from it the salts of heavy metals. The nutritional value of preserving mushrooms for use in their fresh form, or when the mushrooms slightly cooked in its own juice with added lemon juice.
BENEFITS OF THE COMMON MUSHROOM, AGARICUS BISPORUS
The wealth of nutrients in Agaricus bisporus makes it a medicinal mushroom that provides several benefits that include the following:
Compounds found in the common mushroom have anti-tumor activities. These activities are largely based on the immune-supportive effects of these active compounds.
Common mushroom Agaricus bisporus also has anti-inflammatory effects that aid in cancer prevention and treatment. Inflammation supports the development and proliferation of cancer and tumor cells. By reducing the inflammatory response, common mushroom can help in treating and preventing cancer development.
Eating Agaricus bisporus can also boost the proper regulation of various immune responses. It helps the immune system to downplay harmful inflammation that support cancer growth and boost the ones that create apoptosis. This is a process wherein the cancerous cells are programmed to die.
CLA in Agaricus bisporus is also believed to help in the fight against cancer. CLA binds with the aromatase enzymes of the cancer cells. This binding reduces the ability of the cancer cells to produce estrogen, which promotes cancer cell proliferation. This action is especially helpful in people who have hormone-dependent types of cancer such as breast and prostate cancer.
Supports the immune function
As previously mentioned, Agaricus bisporus boosts the function of the immune system. Phytochemicals in this fungus demonstrated the ability to directly influence the action of the white blood cells. These phytochemicals help inactivate white blood cells that can potentially cause health problems. These same chemicals also help in activating white blood cells as needed. This well-coordinated process improves the way the body responds to invasions. This results in better protection against infections.
Aside from the phytochemicals, the common mushroom has vitamins and minerals such as zinc and vitamin D that work together to strengthen the immune cells. Strong, healthy and well-nourished immune cells are better at fighting and keeping the body strong and healthy.
Chronic inflammation increases the risk for developing conditions such as type 2 diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Agaricus bisporus helps by inhibiting the release and action of pro-inflammatory molecules.
The bioactive compounds especially target inflammatory molecules such as IL-12, IFN-gamma, and IL-10. By keeping these molecules under control, inflammation proceeds at a lower rate. This will translate to better inflammatory response, providing optimal benefits with minimal negative impact on the tissues.